Rajasthan, meaning “The Abode of the Rajas,” was formerly called Rajputana, “The Country of the Rajputs” (sons of rajas [princes]). Before 1947, when India achieved independence from British rule, it comprised some two dozen princely states and chiefships, the small British-administered province of Ajmer-Merwara, and a few pockets of territory outside the main boundaries. After 1947 the princely states and chiefships were integrated into India in stages, and the state took the name Rajasthan.
Geographically speaking,Rajasthan is a northern Indian state bordering Pakistan. Its palaces and forts are reminders of the many kingdoms that historically vied for the region. In its capital, Jaipur (the “Pink City”), are the 18th-century City Palace and Hawa Mahal, a former cloister for royal women, fronted by a 5-story pink-sandstone screen. Amer Fort, atop a nearby hill, was built by a Rajput prince in the early 1600s.
The geographic features of Rajasthan are the Thar Desert and the Aravalli Range, which runs through the state from southwest to northeast, almost from one end to the other, for more than 850 kilometres (530 mi).
As we embark upon this journey,our very first stop will be Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan.
Q)How to reach Jaipur(the “Pink City”)?
A)Jaipur is well connected to almost every corner of India via different means of public transport including air, rail and road.
Every day the public transport is used by over millions of travellers travelling to and around Jaipur with various purposes and destinations. Jaipur International Airport is located about 7-10 km from the main city and can easily be reached with ease by taxi or bus.
The Indian Railways on the other hand provides the best service to the passengers and as for the bus service, the roads and the highways are very well constructed and smooth with less chances of getting any dump in between the way.
The Jaipur Airport is situated at Sanganer, 7 km (domestic terminal) and 10 km (international terminal) from the main city. It connects the city to all the major parts of India as well as some of the major overseas countries. It has the facility of daily domestic flights to Delhi, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Aurangabad, Hyderabad, Goa, Kolkata, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Bangalore, Indore and Pune. Also, it has the facility of international flights through which it connects directly to Sharjah, Muscat and Dubai. Flights to Singapore and Bangkok are also available via Delhi. Furthermore, it offers the chartered service to London and Dublin. Once you get down at the airport, hire a taxi or take a bus to reach the main city.
Jaipur is well connected to almost every part of India through the means of Indian Railways. There are several trains which connect this city to Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Agra, Kota, Alwar, Jodhpur, Alwar, Ajmer, Kota, Chittorgarh, Bikaner, Udaipur, Barmer, Jammu, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Kolkata, Ludhiana, Pathankot, Haridwar, Indore, Gwalior, Bhopal, Jabalpur, Roorkee and Kanpur. In addition to this, long-distance trains arrives from several other cities including Patna, Ranchi, Lucknow, Allahabad, Vadodara, Banaras, Surat, Bilaspur, Nagpur, Raipur, Puri, Bhubaneswar, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Mysore, Mangalore, Goa, Kochi, and Kozhikode. There are three main railway junctions including Jaipur, the main station; Gandhinagar and Durgapara. Every train stops at Jaipur junction and a few of the trains stop at Gandhinagar and Durgapara. After getting down at the railway station, take an auto-rickshaw, bus or hire a taxi to reach the destination within the city. There is a special, luxurious and renowned train called as Palace on Wheels which departs from Delhi and connects all the well known destinations of Rajasthan including Jaipur, Jhalawar, Jodhpur, Alwar, Udaipur, etc.
Jaipur, the pink city is linked with the all the major cities of India through the network of National Highways 8, 11 and 12 to name a few. There’s also a very good bus service between Jaipur and Delhi provided by Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation (RSRTC) with the buses at about every half an hour to and from both sides. There are non-AC and AC Volvo buses in which the fare of the AC bus is more. From Jaipur you can board the bus from Narayan Singh Circle or the main Sindhi Camp bus stand whereas in Delhi you can take the bus from Bikaner House on Pandara Road which is next to India Gate. Also, there are some private buses which are available from Dhaula Kuan in Delhi. There are some express buses which connect various cities and towns of Rajasthan such as Bundi, Kota, etc. to Jaipur. This city is also connected to Mumbai via Ajmer, Ahmedabad, Udaipur and Vadodara and is also well linked to Agra via bus.
Q)Climate in Jaipur
A)The state of Rajasthan mainly has dry and hot climate. Rajasthan climate can divided into summer, post monsoon, monsoon and winter. The temperature during the summer months varies between 32 degree C to 45 degree C.
However, the temperature at night in the summer months falls down remarkably. Extending from month December to month March, the winter temperature of Jaipur varies from 10 degree C to 27 degree C. January is the coldest month of the season. With an average rainfall of 90 %, the monsoon of Rajasthan remains quite humid.
Best time to visit Jaipur
The perfect time to visit Jaipur is from the months of September to March. During this time, the climate of the city is very pleasant. In fact, September to March is the ideal time for holidaying in and around the capital city of Rajasthan, Jaipur.
Q)Why is Jaipur called “The Pink City” ?
A)Jaipur has been popularized with the name of Pink City because of the color of the stone exclusively used for the construction of all the structures. Anyone who has witnessed the city can substantiate the fact that all the buildings of Jaipur are pink in color. The pink color has its own history.
In 1876, the Prince of Wales and Queen Victoria visited India on a tour. Since pink denotes the color of hospitality, Maharaja Ram Singh of Jaipur painted the whole city pink in color to welcome the guests. The tradition has been sincerely followed by the residents who are now, by law, compelled to maintain the pink color.
Pink in color and pink in vibrancy, the city of Jaipur is one of most beautiful and magnetic cities of India. One always falls short of words while describing the bounteous charm that the city captivates the visitor with. The culture, architecture, traditions, art, jewellery and textiles of Jaipur have always charmed the travelers. It is one city that, even after modernisation, still holds to its roots and values.
Apart from being the capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is also the largest city of the state. The foundation of the city dates back to the eighteenth century, with credit to the great warrior and astronomer Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. The glorious past of Jaipur comes alive in the palaces and forts in the city where once lived the royal clans. The majestic forts and havelis, the beautiful temples, the serene landscapes, and the rich cultural heritage, have made Jaipur an ideal destination for tourists.
There is something in the atmosphere of Jaipur that brings joy and delight as soon as you set foot in the city. The pink color of the city brings out a romantic charm that captivates every heart. If you haven’t got a chance to experience the royalties of Jaipur yet, plan your trip right away!
15 Must Visit Tourist places in Jaipur :
1) Amber Fort and Palace:
Located amidst the picturesque and rocky Aravalli Hills, Amber Palace is a not-to-be-missed place to in Jaipur. The foundation stone of this palace was laid by Raja Man Singh I and was completed by Mirja Raja Jai Singh.
2) Hawa Mahal, Palace of the Winds:
Hawa Mahal or Palace of the Winds, or also called Palace of the Breeze, is one of the important places to visit in Jaipur. Built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in 1798, Hawa Mahal is a five-storey extension in the form of a honeycomb.
3) City Palace:
Located in the heart of Jaipur, City Palace is the most remarkable monument in the list of places to visit in Jaipur. Guarded by huge impounding walls, this palace is a fusion of Rajput and Mughal architecture.
4) Albert Hall Museum:
After the foundation stone of this museum was laid in 1876 to commemorate the visit of the Prince of Wales, there arose confusion about the usage of this hall. Plenty of suggestions came in asking for using this hall for educational or political use, none of which held good!In the year 1880, one of the local surgeons of Jaipur, Dr Thomas Holbein Hendley suggested to the then ruler of Jaipur, Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II to open a museum within this hall.
5) Jantar Mantar Observatory:
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, the ruler of Jaipur was one of the best theorists of ancient India. After achieving the milestones of constructing the planned city Jaipur, as well as several other scientific and architectural epitomes, the Maharaja built five astronomical instruments to study space.
6) Nahargarh Fort:
To get a panoramic view of Jaipur city, Nahargarh Fort is the ideal place to visit. Built by Jai Singh II, Nahargarh Fort was originally named Sudarshangarh and was later renamed as Nahargarh or the Abode of Tigers.
7) Jal Mahal:
It was during the Rajput era that India has seen some of the glorious forts and palaces. Jal Mahal or the Water Palace is one of the classic names in the list of Rajputana architecture.Located in the middle of the Man Sagar Lake, this palace is also a fusion of Mughal and Rajput styles of architecture.
8) Jaigarh Fort:
Each of the palaces and forts in Jaipur is unique in its own.Jaigarh Fort is the most spectacular in the list of places to visit in Jaipur.
9) Sisodia Rani Garden:
Sisodia Rani Garden and Palace have a popular space in the tourist section of Rajasthan as hundreds of people come to visit and enjoy the stunning beauty of a picturesque garden and the architectural brilliance portrayed on the palace walls. It is located about 6 kilometers away from Jaipur city and was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1728.
10) Galtaji or Galta Monkey Temple:
Galtaji or Galta Monkey Temple is a popular Hindu pilgrimage site in Jaipur. Built during the 18th century by Diwan Rao Kriparam, this temple is located 10 km away from Jaipur.
11) Abhaneri Step Well:
A reputed village in Rajasthan is Abhaneri lying at a distance of about 95 kilometers away from Jaipur. The original name was Abha Nagri which meant city of brightness and gradually, the name was transformed into Abhaneri due to mispronunciation.
12) Rambagh Palace:
One of the best places to visit in Jaipur, an outstanding attraction and a luxurious accommodation spot in Jaipur is Rambagh Palace, the former residence of the Maharaja of Jaipur and now it is reestablished as a hotel by Taj. The palace is located 8 kilometers away from the city of Jaipur on Bhawani Singh Road.
13) Central Park:
Even though the list of gardens in Jaipur is quite long, Central Park blooms out to be one of the largest and most colourful gardens in Jaipur and one of the best Jaipur tourist attractions. Located in the heart of Jaipur, this lush garden has a 5 km walking and jogging track.
14) Chokhi Dhani:
While travelling across various places in Jaipur, you might miss out the chance to enjoy certain festive celebrations of Jaipur. If that is the case, you do not have to worry anymore! Just visit Chokhi Dhani and witness the liveliness of Jaipur’s celebrations, as the celebration never stops in Chokhi Dhani!
Chokhi Dhani, the only five-star rated ethnic village resort in India, is one of the best places to visit in Jaipur. Located in the neighbourhood of Jaipur, Chokhi Dhani is the replica of a traditional Rajasthani village.
15) Bazaars of Jaipur:
The local markets or bazaars of Jaipur are the most ideal places to visit in Jaipur to experience the vibes of the Pink City. Showcasing the tradition of the royal city and its glorious history, these markets has numerous stories engraved in every corner.
Things to do in Jaipur:
1)Village Jeep Safari
2)Hot Air Balloon Safari
3)Motor Cycle Trip to Sambhar Lake
4)Jeep Safari to Nahargarh Sanctuary
6)Elephant Safari in Amer Fort
20 MUST TRY DELICACIES:
1)Dal Bathi Churma
Dal, Bathi and Churma are three different components served as combined meal known as Dal Bathi Churma. It is the most famous dish of the state Rajasthan, especially in Jaipur. It is known as the signature dish of Rajasthan, and it comes at a very affordable price in Jaipur.
Ghevar is one the most popular sweet dish in Jaipur. Preparation of Ghevar is similar to an art, and Ghevar makers are artist. And they are expert in it.
3)Pyaz Ki Kachori
Pyaaz ki Kachori is the most eatable breakfast in Jaipur. It is spicy by its taste and served with chutney in Jaipur. It is a kind of famous snack of Jaipur which you can find almost on every snack shops and street corners.
It is a unique and incredible dish of the entire Rajasthan. It is a typical desert vegetable. It is served as pickle with all spices in Rajasthan especially with Bajra Roti.
5)Gatte Ki Sabji
It is one of the traditional dishes of the Rajasthan. It is gram flour pieces i.e. Gattas, merged into the traditional yogurt curry.
Mawa kachori is an incredible desert of entire Rajasthan. Rajasthan is known as for their royalty and richness of the food. This Mawa Kachori shows the royalty and richness of the Rajasthan. The fluffy Pastry filled with the mixtures of Mawas and lots of nuts makes an incredible festive desert.
It is a traditional sweet dish of Rajasthan. It is served as sweet on various festive occasions.
Laal Mass is a traditional Rajasthani Non-Vegetarian Dish. The main ingredients of this dish are Mutton with Bones.
This MirchiVadas is kind of a snack which can eat with a cup of tea or with chutney. It’s very spicy by taste because it is made of green chilies stuffed with other stuffing and then dipped in flour (besan) and then deep fried.
“Kadhi” is also cooked in many places of India. ‘Rajasthani Kadhi’ is special because of its different flavors.
KeemaBati is the unique Rajasthani dish. This Rajasthani dish would especially to those people who crave for spicy food. Meat cooked with fresh green chilies and spices is incredible for the taste. Meat is filled with lots of spiciness in a bathi and fried deeply.
Mutton made in whole spices and Desi Ghee. It’s an incredible by its taste, especially for the mutton lovers. The taste of mutton increased when it is cooked in Rajasthani style i.e. with Rajashthani spices and Desi Ghee.
Lapsi is a famous sweet dish in Jaipur. It is prepared with broken wheat i.e. Daliya, Pure Ghee, and Sugar.
14)Bajre Ki Khichdi
It is an exceptionally prominent dish crosswise over India and different nations.
Kalakand is also a traditional desert of Rajasthan. It is made of reduced milk with sugar and garnishes with silver leaf. This sweet has its own taste and texture.
Lassi is the most liked drink by people. Especially in hot, people like to drink some kind of a special or unique drink when they feel thirsty.
Masala Tea in Jaipur is very popular in Rajasthan. It is made of traditional Tea Masala of Rajasthan. Rajasthan is known as their Spiciness in food. Similarly, Masala Tea is also giving special and unique taste to tourists.
Chokhani kheer is a traditional desert which is mainly cooked on the celebration and festivals. Milk is a main ingredient of this dish.
19)Aam Ki Launji
It is made with the combination of sugar, chilies, and mustard seeds and mainly with raw mangoes. It is little sweet and sour by its taste.
If you are Non-Vegetarian, then you should not miss this dish if you are in Jaipur. This dish is the specialty of Jaipur. It is made Curry Spices, Cream lots of gravy and mainly with chicken.
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